If you love to explore the world and discover new wonderful places to stay around the world, the issue of obtaining a visa is quite urgent. The problem is that obtaining a visa to visit some countries is a very complex and confusing process, with many checks. And not everyone can pass them, which creates additional inconvenience and problems, both for tourists and those who receive a visa in order to work in the chosen country.
In most cases, if there is a problem with a visa, it lies precisely in obtaining it, as well as the timing. For citizens of India, a fairly large number of countries offer a visa on entry into the country. For example, in the UAE and Qatar, a visa for staying in the country as a tourist can be obtained immediately at the airport. The same entry rules for Indians are in many countries in Oceania, Asia and Africa. For tourists, such entry rules are the simplest, since in order to obtain permission to stay in the country, you do not need to carry documents to various authorities and go through heaps of checks at the embassy. Fortunately, most of the most interesting and popular countries for tourists have very loyal entry conditions. Unfortunately, it will be quite problematic for Indian citizens to visit European countries without obtaining a Schengen visa, if at all possible.
For those who go to work, the visa is completely different and is also issued by other authorities. Yes, and obtaining the visa itself takes more time, requires more documents and confirmations. A work visa is issued for much longer periods, from 1 year or more, depending on the type of visa and the country that issues it. But in the first case with tourism, in the second case with work, it is necessary to obtain a visa in order to avoid possible problems.
All existing types of visas determine not only permission to enter the country, but also why you enter the country, what restrictions you have on the length of stay, what you can do in the country and what not. The biggest criterion for dividing visas into categories is how long they are valid, and according to this, all visas are divided into short-term and long-term. Each of these groups is further divided into other subcategories. In any country, visas, divided into categories, are marked with alphanumeric markings, and thanks to this, a specific visa can be identified and understood what it gives you.
Any visa is issued for a limited period, and entitles a foreigner to stay in the country only for a certain period of time, which is determined by the purpose of arrival or the type of visa. All types of visas are also divided into single and multiple entry visas, also called multivisas. Single-entry visas are designed for a single entry only, and if you leave the country even ahead of time, you will no longer be able to cross the border without obtaining a new visa. Multiple entry visas do not limit the number of entries and exits, but only the total time of stay.
Short-term visas, depending on the country and the specific situation, can be issued both for a couple of days and for several tens of days, for example, 30, 60 or 90 days. For example, the maximum duration of stay on a Schengen short-stay visa is 90 days in every 180-day period. Short-term visas include the following types of visas:
Long-term visas are issued for a period of 90 days to 1 year. This type of visa is divided into:
For the above categories of people entering the country and their purposes, a certain type of visa is issued. For example, in the case of the Schengen visa, the types of visas are divided into main classes, which are denoted by letters from A to D:
Visa category A - transit through the controlled area of the airport, is issued to those who visit countries with a transfer to another aircraft or route within 24 hours. This visa does not give the right to leave the controlled zone, and generally move around the country.
Category C visa - a short-term visa to enter the country. Issued to persons whose purpose of arrival in the country is tourism, visiting family or friends, longer transit or business trip.
Category D visa is a long-term visa that is issued for single or multiple entries. These visas are national and are issued by each state individually.
In order to work in the country of your choice officially, in order to be protected as an employee by law, you definitely need to obtain a visa that will allow you to work in the country. This type of visa is, in fact, a permit to stay and work, for the duration of the employment contract or agreement, which will need to be submitted to obtain a visa. Both parties are involved in its receipt - both the employer and the employee.
As a rule, there are countries between which there are special bilateral agreements that greatly simplify the life of those who would like to work in a country other than their own. They do not require a work visa for citizens of countries of the agreement who want to work in another country of a certain agreement. But in all other cases, each country has its own conditions and requirements that must be fully met in order to obtain a work visa and residence permit.
If the employee dares to work without a visa, then he, like his employer, will face serious punishment. Moreover, this is practiced in every country, only the types of punishments are different everywhere. Also, working without a visa, that is, illegally, is simply dangerous for the life of an employee.
Some countries grant Indian citizens visa-free entry for an unlimited period of time. But there are only two such countries, Nepal and Mauritius. You don't need a visa to be there.
Many countries have a visa-free regime for Indian passport holders for some limited validity (It may be a very small amount of time, or it may be several months):
Less than 30 days: Togo (7 days, visa on arrival), Cayman Islands (24 hours), Bhutan (2 weeks), Hong Kong (14 days), Iran (14 days, visa on arrival), Jordan (14 days, visa on arrival) arrival), Malaysia (5 days, for transit), Thailand (15 days, visa on arrival), Barbados (14 days).
30 days: Kenya, Turks and Caicos Islands, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Macau, Maldives, Palau, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Niue, British Virgin Islands, Seychelles, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Myanmar (28 days).
45 days: Tajikistan.
60 days: Ghana, Samoa.
90 days: Madagascar, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador, Montserrat, Haití, Grenada, Nicaragua, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Kitts and Nevis.
More than 90 days: Cook Islands (200 days), Federated States of Micronesia (400 days), Dominica (6 months).
To enter most European countries, you will only need a valid Schengen visa type "C" or type "D". Citizens of India who have a residence permit are allowed to enter Hungary, and visa-free entry to Poland is only for family members of EU citizens.
These countries issue indefinite visas for citizens of India, but only upon arrival in the country. These are countries such as Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Egypt, Tanzania and Uganda. This information is current at the time of publication and may change over time. In order to get accurate information specifically for your case, it is better to contact specialists who can tell you how to get a visa for your case, and whether you need it at all.
An e-Visa is an official document that a country's immigration department issues online to allow visitors to enter the country. This type of visa is different from the regular paper-based ones that are typically issued by the country's embassy. In addition to being issued online, entry permits are also commonly used by countries to allow foreign visitors to stay in the country for a certain period.
As early as 8 years ago, the Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) system was introduced for Indian citizens, and Indian citizens are eligible to obtain such a visa in about 40 countries. In 2015, this list was expanded. Some countries, such as the UAE, issue permission to foreigners to enter and stay instead of a visa. But even thanks to this document, you can safely stay in such countries, only as a tourist.
The following are examples of those countries that issue e-visas and entry permits for Indians:
Malaysia (eNTRI Note), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Turkey (at the border of Europe and Asia), Zambia, Tanzania, Madagascar (landing authorisation), Ivory Coast, Uganda, Georgia (lying at the intersection of Europe and Asia), Sao Tome and Principe, Bahrain, Moldova, Gabon, Djibouti, East Timor (Timor-Leste), Vietnam.
Thanks to these permits, the process of entering these countries has become much easier, and it will be quite simple for a tourist to obtain the necessary permit. It is worth mentioning that this applies only to tourist visas, and some other types. But to work in a particular country, you will need to apply for a special visa and obtain permission, in any case.
The problem is that you may not receive this insurance and you may even be allowed to enter the country of your choice. But since insurance, depending on its type, protects against various troubles, for example, covers medical bills in case of an accident (which is very useful, since in most countries medicine is terribly expensive, and in order to close medical bills you have to spend more than one thousand dollars), or insures some of your property with which you arrived in the country, and in case of loss or theft compensates for it, it is advisable to get the insurance you need before the trip. There is also insurance in case of loss of a wallet with all the money and documents, which will help you restore everything as quickly as possible. Travel insurance will make your holiday safer, and if circumstances are not on your side, it will help mitigate the consequences and avoid the worst-case scenarios.
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